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I am author of the books Political Internet(Routledge, 2017), Intimate Speakers ( Fingerprint! 2017), has finished the typescript of three books—first, on Internet and sexuality; second, on the negative impacts of social media; and third, a novel—and is presently working on a narrative non-fiction with the working title Lovescape: Why India is afraid of love.

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Friday, March 4, 2011

Gandhi's Views On Education-Nayee Talim,Basic Education


Character cannot be built with mortar and stone. It cannot be built by hands other than your own.

An education which does not teach us to discriminate between good and bad, to assimilate the one and eschew the other, is a misnomer.

Education should be so revolutionized as to answer the wants of the poorest villager, instead of answering those of an imperial exploiter.

Education in the understanding of citizenship is a short-term affair if we are honest and earnest.

Basic education links the children, whether of cities or the villages, to all that is best and lasting in India.

Is not education the art of drawing out full manhood of the children under training?

Literacy in itself is no education.

Literacy is not the end of education nor even the beginning.

Literacy education should follow the education of the hand-the one gift that visibly distinguishes man from beast.

Real education has to draw out the best from the boys and girls to be educated.

True education must correspond to the surrounding circumstances or it is not a healthy growth.

What is really needed to make democracy function is not knowledge of facts, but right education.

National education to be truly national must reflect the national condition for the time being.

The function of Nayee-Talim is not to teach an occupation, but through it to develop the whole man.

I believe that religious education must be the sole concern of religious associations.

By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the child and man-body, mind and spirit.

By spiritual training I mean education of the heart.

Experience gained in two schools under my control has taught me that punishment does not purify, if anything, it hardens children.

I consider writing as a fine art. We kill it by imposing the alphabet on little children and making it the beginning of learning.

I do regard spinning and weaving as the necessary part of any national system of education.

The aim of university education should be to turn out true servants of the people who will live and die for the country's freedom.

A balanced intellect presupposes a harmonious growth of body, mind and soul.

Love requires that true education should be easily accessible to all and should be of use to every villager in this daily life.

The notion of education through handicrafts rises from the contemplation of truth and love permeating life's activities.

The fees that you pay do not cover even a fraction of the amount that is spent on your education from the public exchanger.

Persistent questioning and healthy inquisitiveness are the first requisite for acquiring learning of any kind.

If we want to impart education best suited to the needs of the villagers, we should take the Vidyapith to the villages.

In a democratic scheme, money invested in the promotion of learning gives a tenfold return to the people even as a seed sown in good soil returns a luxuriant crop.

All education in a country has got to be demonstrably in promotion of the progress of the country in which it is given.

The schools and colleges are really a factory for turning out clerks for Government.

The canker has so eaten into the society that in many cases the only meaning of education is a knowledge of English.

The emphasis laid on the principle of spending every minute of one's life usefully is the best education for citizenship

The contibution of Gandhiji to Education : The contibution of Gandhiji to Education

Gandhiji’s concept of education includes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality : Gandhiji’s concept of education includes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality Physical development A sound mind exists in a sound body. Hence Gandhiji attached a lot of importance to physical development through sports , play and productive activities.

Gandhiji’s concept of educationincludes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality : Gandhiji’s concept of educationincludes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality Intellectual development Educational experiences must cater to the intellectual development of the person . Personality development is linked with education thro’ work experience , productivity and the process of socialisation

Gandhiji’s concept of educationincludes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality : Gandhiji’s concept of educationincludes harmonious development of all aspects of the human personality Spiritual development To Gandhiji education should draw out and stimulate the spiritual aspects of a child as much as intellectual and physical aspects.

Aims of education according to Gandhiji : Aims of education according to Gandhiji Education should be self supporting. It must enable one to earn a living and thus cut the root of unemployment. I have done a secretarial course and am earning well as a secretary. We architects have a degree in architecture

Aims of education according to Gandhiji : Aims of education according to Gandhiji Preservation of our culture should be an important aim of education. Culture must pervade all aspects of human behaviour

Aims of education according to Gandhiji : Aims of education according to Gandhiji Character building must be an important aim of education. Strength, courage , virtues and the ability to be selfless are all aspects of character. Character building is more important than literacy

Aims of education according to Gandhiji : Gandhiji emphasised on the all round development of the three H’s ---- Head , Heart and Hand Aims of education according to Gandhiji

Aims of education according to Gandhiji : Aims of education according to Gandhiji Education should help to cultivate higher values in life such as moral , aesthetic, social and spiritual values and to practise self restraint , self realisation , self insight and self analysis

Curriculum suggested by Gandhiji : Curriculum suggested by Gandhiji Gandhiji advocated craft centered curriculum to train man by development of his soul. Craft was to be the starting point of all subjects.

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum Stress on co operative activity , accuracy of planning and individual responsibility

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum Providing useful activities and experiences and stressing on co relation of subjects Never realised how Maths , Art and geography were so closely related

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum Craft centred education leads to fullness of culture. It saves people from exploitation. I can use my art to earn a living

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum Craft selected should be that of the locality so that education becomes life oriented

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum Craft centred education instills dignity of labour in the learner. I am not ashamed of physical work.

Characteristics of craft centred curriculum : Characteristics of craft centred curriculum We have made a profit of Rs 20, 000 from our craft department . We can furnish our library Craft centred education makes the schools self sustaining to a certain extent

Subjects in the curriculum : Subjects in the curriculum Craft according to local conditions Mother tongue Arithmetic Social sciences Art and music Domestic science for girls Spinning All subjects to be taught with craft as centre of co relation

Concept of discipline : Concept of discipline Self discipline that is not imposed from outside sources. Self discipline emerges from a life of self restraint , fearlessness , utility and self sacrifice Social discipline will come from craft activities

Teacher : Teacher The teacher is an example by his or her attitudes and values The teacher should help the pupil to distinguish between truth and false, good and bad The teacher should possess the qualities he wishes to inculcate in the pupils The teacher should provide a free & fearless learning environment

Text books : Text books Do not load the child with books The teacher is the real text book Text books should be suitable for Indian context For primary oral education is enough as the child learns more by observation

Religious education : Religious education Truth that includes ahimsa is the only true religion Impart religious education that helps students realise the existence of God every where .Essentials of all religions should be taught to pupils. Implement the morals of all religions in your daily life

Gandhiji’s Wardha Scheme of education : Gandhiji’s Wardha Scheme of education Free and compulsory education upto the age of fourteen years. Primary and secondary education to be combined . Higher education to private enterprises. At the age of fourteen the child is equipped with effective literacy and control over senses

- Self reliance will be the aim of education. After seven years of education the child is a productive member of society. Unemployment will be eradicated

- Productive work as spinning , weaving , pottery , basket making will be the centre around which all subjects are centred. Emphasis will be on co operation , planning and accuracy

Mother tongue to be the medium of instruction : Mother tongue to be the medium of instruction Only mother tongue facilitates natural expression Forcing a foreign language leads to waste of time and energy and is un psychological

Psychological principles of Basic Education : Psychological principles of Basic Education Learning by doing Play and creative work Utilisation of instincts Co relation Life centred education Love and sympathy

- “Gandhiji’s philosophy of education is naturalistic in its setting, idealistic in its aim, pragmatic in its methods and programmes.” ….. Dr Patel. In the present day this system should help HRD , enhance productivity and combat unemployment and poverty. Basic Education thus is the foundation of techno pedagogy and vocationalisation of education

Prepared by biju p r,assistant professor in political science,govt brennen college,thalassery,kerala,india.

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