To know development in a society, Literacy is another proper indicator of economic development. For purpose of census, a person in age limit of seven and above, who can both write and read with understanding in any of the language is considered as a literate in India.
As per Population Census of India 2011, the Literacy rate of India has shown as improvement of almost 9 percent. It has gone up to 74.04% in 2011 from 65.38% in 2001, thus showing an increase of 9 percent in the last 10 years. It consists of male literacy rate 82.14% and female literacy rate is 65.46%. Kerala with 93.9% literacy rate is the top state in India. Lakshadweep and Mizoram are at second and third position with 92.3% and 91.06% literacy rate respectively. Bihar with 63.08% literacy rate is the last in terms of literacy rate in India.
List of Steps taken by Government of India to improve Literacy Rate in India:
Free education programs to poor people living in villages and towns.
Setting up of new school and colleges at district and state levels.
Several committees have been formed to ensure proper utilization of funds allotted to improve literacy rate.
In India around 25% of people are illiterate. Factors such as education, corruption, women's issues, student politics, criminalization of politics, leadership strategies and the design of political institutions affect national and local politics. Some other factors such as the caste issue, environment policy, new long-term investment in the economy by foreigners etc., also have a bearing.
One of the major problems faced by a developing nation like India is the percentage of illiterate people present in the nation. Illiteracy literally means the inability to read and write a particular language, be it local or foreign language. More that 889 million people in the world are supposed to be literate. In order focus on increasing the literacy levels, United Nations Organization announced the year 1990 as International Literacy year. Analysis show that 60% of the adult illiterates are women and 98% of them are found in developing countries.
Poverty and illiteracy are the main reasons behind some of the north Bihar districts falling prey to the terror outfits who use the youth of the region to serve their purpose
Illietracy has many links to poverty, unemployment, terror, naxalism, Maoism, exptremism, flowed electoral politics, ignorance, corruption. Etc